10 Best Big Data Tools of 2023

Luke Smith
Enterprise Solutions Architect
September 11, 2023
Matt Tanner
Developer Relations Lead
September 11, 2023
Matt Tanner
Matt Tanner
Developer Relations Lead
September 12, 2023
 min read
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In a world inundated with data, effectively gathering, analyzing, and interpreting this data can be a competitive edge for any organization. Likely, you’ve heard the term “Big Data” being passed around over the last few years. Although it’s nothing new, with the amount of tools and techniques made available daily to those implementing Big Data solutions, finding the best ones can be difficult. As the volume of data grows exponentially, so does the complexity and the potential for insights, making it crucial to have the right tools to harness its power.

This blog will explore the world of Big Data, including looking at Big Data pipelines. We will pay special attention to data migration and transformation tools crucial for creating effective Big Data pipelines.

Here's what we will cover:

  1. What is Big Data?: Understanding the fundamentals of Big Data, including its characteristics and relevance in today's world.
  2. What are Big Data Tools?: An overview of Big Data tools and why they are essential for handling large volumes of complex data.
  3. How do Big Data Tools Work?: A look into the mechanics of how these tools process and analyze data.
  4. Uses of Big Data Tools: Exploring the different applications and sectors where Big Data tools are making a significant impact.
  5. Types of Big Data Tools: A look at how Big Data tools are categorized based on their functionalities and use cases.
  6. 10 Best Big Data Tools of 2023: An in-depth review of the top Big Data tools of 2023, including Arcion, Fivetran, Dextrus, and more.
  7. How to Select the Best Big Data Tool?: A brief guide on the criteria to consider when selecting a Big Data tool that best suits your needs.

Whether you're a data scientist, a business analyst, or someone curious about the expansive world of Big Data, there’s something here for you. So, let's dive in!

Table of Contents

What is Big Data?

Our first stop is to look at the inner workings of Big Data. First, let’s look at the basics of Big Data and then at more advanced concepts as well as the relevance of Big Data.

The Basics

At its most fundamental level, Big Data refers to datasets that are too large, complex, and dynamic for conventional data processing systems to handle. Traditional databases and software are not equipped to manage the sheer volume, velocity, and variety seen within the data sets we classify as “Big Data.” When it comes to Big Data, often you will hear the term described by the "Three V’s":

  • Volume: Refers to the amount of data. Big Data usually involves large volumes, ranging from terabytes to petabytes.
  • Velocity: Refers to the speed at which new data is generated and the speed at which data moves around. This could involve streaming data from high-frequency trading systems or sensor data from IoT devices.
  • Variety: Refers to the different types of data, which can be structured, semi-structured, or unstructured. This could involve data from different sources such as text, images, sound, video, etc.

These characteristics were initially the most commonly used to describe Big Data, but with the progression of technology and the increasing amount of data being produced, additional attributes like Veracity (the trustworthiness of the data) and Value (turning the data into something useful) have also been added to the conversation.

Beyond the Basics: More Advanced Concepts

As you move past the basic concept of Big Data, some more advanced concepts begin to surface. Many of these concepts aren’t specifically applicable to only Big Data but lend themselves well to use within the space. Some of these concepts and tools include:

  • Data Lakes & Data Warehouses: In Big Data analytics, data lakes and data warehouses are used for storing data. Data lakes store raw data that can be structured, semi-structured, or unstructured. Data warehouses, on the other hand, store processed, filtered, and meaningful data. When traditional databases fall flat, data lakes and warehouses are called in.
  • Distributed Computing: One of the critical technologies behind Big Data tools is distributed computing, which allows a single task to be divided among multiple computers. Frameworks like Apache Hadoop and Spark are based on this concept. Distributing computing is needed for the sheer amount of computing power needed to process the massive amount of data held within a Big Data platform.
  • Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence: Big Data has become the playground for machine learning algorithms and AI models that can analyze complex data sets for predictive analytics, recommendation systems, and even autonomous systems like self-driving cars. Almost every AI tool you encounter will use Big Data technology in the background.
  • Real-Time Analytics: With the growth in IoT and other real-time data-generating sources, real-time analytics has become a significant part of Big Data. This enables organizations to make real-time decisions based on data as it's created. By combining real-time data with a large existing data set, patterns can be seen, and predictions can be more accurate.
  • Data Governance and Security: With great data comes great responsibility. The more data a business accumulates, the more critical it becomes to manage permissions, ensure privacy, and guarantee data integrity. As data is pulled from different geographic regions, adhering to retention guidelines and keeping access to the data dialed in is very important.
  • Data Monetization: Some companies may leverage data as a revenue stream in advanced scenarios. Companies like Google and Facebook are great examples of this and have been able to turn user data into a multi-billion dollar business model.

The Relevance in Today's World

Today, Big Data technologies impact every sector. From healthcare, where it's used for genomics research and disease prevention, to finance, where it drives algorithmic trading and risk analysis, Big Data has become the gateway to better outcomes and experiences. Even in the public sector, Big Data has applications, from improving public transportation through data analytics to predictive policing and national security applications. Big Data technologies are so standard that we likely don’t realize how pervasive they have become.

In summary, Big Data is not just a buzzword but a fundamental shift in how businesses and organizations think about and use data. Its implications are far-reaching, touching almost every facet of our daily lives. Understanding its basics and advanced applications is crucial for anyone who deals with data, analytics, or operations.

What Are Big Data Tools?

When it comes to actually collecting and using Big Data, you’ll need to have the right tools. Big Data tools are specialized software and hardware solutions designed to handle, process, and analyze massive volumes of complex and dynamic data. With these tools, organizations can manage the unique challenges of Big Data's volume, variety, velocity, and other defining characteristics. Traditional data tools aren’t as performant or scalable when applied to the massive data sets within Big Data collections. As Big Data continues to evolve, so does the ecosystem of tools tailored for the specific functionalities required within Big Data. These tools cover data storage, processing, analysis, visualization, and governance.

Breakdown of Different Types of Big Data Tools

Every Big Data tool can generally fit into one or more different categories. Here’s a breakdown of some common types of Big Data tools and some of the functionality they offer: 

  • Data Storage and Management Tools: These are databases designed to store Big Data, often across distributed networks. Examples include Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) and NoSQL databases like MongoDB and Cassandra.
  • Data Processing Tools: These are tools used for sorting, indexing, and processing large volumes of data for later analysis. Apache Hadoop and Apache Spark are popular examples.
  • Data Analysis Tools: These tools draw actionable insights from processed data. They often use machine learning algorithms for this purpose. Examples include R and Python libraries like Pandas and TensorFlow.
  • Data Integration and Transformation Tools: These tools handle data extraction, transformation, and loading (ETL) processes. They are essential in creating data pipelines. Tools like Arcion, Fivetran, and AWS Glue fall into this category.
  • Data Visualization Tools: Once the data is analyzed, these tools help present the data in a more understandable format, usually through dashboards, charts, or graphs. Datawrapper and Tableau are popular examples.
  • Data Governance and Security Tools: These tools manage data privacy, security, and compliance. Examples include Talend and Varonis.
  • Real-time Streaming Tools: These tools can handle real-time data, providing instantaneous insights. Apache Kafka and Apache Flink are commonly used for these purposes.

How Do Big Data Tools Work?

Understanding how Big Data tools function is not a one-size-fits-all approach. Many tools require a multi-faceted approach, as these tools often serve different purposes, from data collection and storage to processing, analysis, and visualization. To understand more about how each tool works, let’s break down the key functionalities and look at the inner workings of Big Data tools in each category.

Data Collection and Ingestion

There is no Big Data without a massive amount of data. To get this data, you’ll require a data pipeline. This means that the first step in any Big Data pipeline involves collecting data from various sources. These could be logs from web servers, sensor data streams, transactional data from databases, or large unstructured data sets like images and videos.

How It Works:

Streaming Data: Tools like Apache Kafka can collect real-time data streaming from multiple sources like website clickstreams, IoT sensors, and more.

Batch Data: Tools like Flume or AWS Glue can collect data from databases or APIs in batches at scheduled intervals.

Data Storage and Management

Once the data is collected, it needs to be stored to allow for efficient retrieval and analysis. Depending on the data's use, different storage types may be applicable. Multiple storage types may be used for the same data to cater to specific use cases.

How It Works:

Distributed Storage: Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) or cloud storage solutions like Amazon S3 store data across multiple nodes or servers. This improves redundancy and allows for high availability.

Database Management: NoSQL databases like MongoDB and Cassandra are optimized to handle large, unstructured data sets, providing more flexibility than traditional SQL databases that only handle structured data.

Data Processing and Transformation

After data storage comes the stage of processing and transforming the raw data into an easily analyzed format. Usually, this involves taking data from multiple databases or sources and moving it into a target platform where value can be extracted. Moving the data from one platform to another is often known as the ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) process.

How It Works:

Data Extraction: Tools like Arcion and Fivetran can pull data from various sources and initiate the transformation process.

Data Transformation: Using distributed computing, Apache Spark can perform complex transformations on large data sets.

Data Loading: The transformed data is loaded into an analytics database or a central data warehouse.

Data Analysis

This is the stage where tools can use the data to provide valuable insights. Data analysis tools apply algorithms to the data to find patterns, make predictions, or discover anomalies.

How It Works:

Statistical Analysis: Tools like R provide statistical functions for hypothesis testing, regression analysis, and more.

Machine Learning: Python libraries like TensorFlow or Scikit-learn can perform more complex analyses like clustering, classification, and predictive analytics.

Data Visualization

Data, once analyzed, is more useful when formatted in a more readable and digestible way. By using data visualization tools, the data can be consumed in a more understandable format.

How It Works:

Dashboards: Tools like Datawrapper and Tableau create interactive dashboards containing charts, graphs, and other visual elements to make the data easier to understand.

Reporting: These tools can also generate detailed reports, breaking the analytics into actionable insights.

Real-Time Processing and Analytics

For some use cases, analyzing data in real time is crucial. Real-time analytics tools process data as it arrives. For time-sensitive issues and insights, real-time processing and analytics tools provide the functionality to deliver insights as things happen instead of a batch-based approach, which may have a variable amount of lag.

How It Works:

Stream Processing: Apache Flink and Kafka Streams are tools that can process data in real-time, allowing for instant analytics and decision-making.

Event-Driven Architecture: These tools often employ an event-driven architecture where specific data points trigger predefined actions, such as sending alerts or updating dashboards.

Data Governance and Security

Last but not least, data governance tools manage the data's availability, usability, integrity, and security. With the massive amount of data collected and used with a Big Data operation, leaked or misused data can present massive legal and business issues. On top of this, making sure data is compliant with regulations, such as GDPR, is critical.

How It Works:

Access Control: Tools like Varonis ensure that only authorized individuals can access specific data sets.

Compliance Monitoring: These tools can also ensure data storage and usage comply with legal regulations like GDPR or HIPAA.

By combining one or more of these tools, organizations can build comprehensive Big Data pipelines and processes that serve their specific needs—understanding how these Big Data tools work helps in selecting the most suitable set of tools and optimally configuring them for specific use cases. Depending on the desired outcome of the Big Data operation, understanding the available tools will help you to build a robust Big Data tech stack.

Uses of Big Data Tools

As the array of Big Data tools expands so does the ever-expanding range of applications they have across various sectors. Below are the sectors and compelling use cases highlighting Big Data tools' broad scope and critical importance. 

Healthcare and Life Sciences

In healthcare and life sciences, Big Data tools have greatly improved patient care, monitoring, and public health, including disease control. Below are two examples of areas where Big Data is impacting this vertical.

Personalized Medicine: Big Data tools like Hadoop and Spark process massive databases of genomics data to facilitate research into personalized medicine. Algorithms then analyze a patient's genetic makeup to recommend patient-specific treatment plans.

Epidemiological Studies: Data processing tools can analyze real-time data from many sources to predict disease outbreaks, helping public health agencies take preemptive actions. A good example is the wastewater studies that are helping to predict COVID-19 outbreaks in various areas of the world.

Finance and Banking

Big Data tools have been a staple in finance and banking ever since they have been available. Banks have massive amounts of transactional data that must be processed and acted upon in real time and regulatory requirements to process and store various other data. Below are two common ways that Big Data tools are leveraged within banking.

Risk Assessment: Machine learning tools are used to analyze customer data to assess loan risks, thus automating a previously cumbersome manual process. Using Big Data tools, more data points can be gathered to assess eligibility, sometimes in seconds or minutes.

Fraud Detection: One of the most public uses of Big Data in banking is fraud detection. Real-time analytics tools like Apache Flink can process transaction data in real time to detect fraudulent activities, triggering instant alerts for further verification.

Retail and E-Commerce

A common, daily impact of Big Data tools in our lives is with retail and e-commerce. In this industry, Big Data tools are used to sell us more products, including letting us know about real-time inventory. These tools also help employees at these retailers by helping to automate many tasks and improve efficiency.

Customer Segmentation: An advanced big data analytics tool can process customer data to segment the market, allowing retailers to target potential buyers through marketing campaigns more effectively.

Inventory Optimization: Big Data tools analyze sales, distribution, and inventory data to predict future inventory needs, thereby reducing costs and improving efficiencies.

Transportation and Logistics

When you use a map application on your smartphone, get an Uber, or have a package delivered, chances are that there is some help from Big Data tools to make it more efficient. Below are a few examples of how Big Data tools are used in transportation and logistics.

Route Optimization: Real-time analytics and machine learning tools analyze traffic, weather conditions, and vehicle health to recommend optimized delivery routes.

Predictive Maintenance: Tools equipped with machine learning algorithms analyze vehicle performance data to predict potential mechanical failures, helping to reduce downtime.

Energy Sector

In the energy sector, Big Data tools can help to crunch massive amounts of data into actionable improvements. With the increase in energy consumption around the globe, Big data tools help with optimization and forecasting to help with energy availability. Below are a few ways that Big Data tools help the sector.

Grid Optimization: Real-time analytics tools can analyze energy consumption data to optimize energy distribution across the grid, reducing wastage.

Renewable Energy Forecasting: Data analytics tools analyze weather patterns to predict energy production from renewable sources, helping to balance supply and demand.


Much like banking and finance, cybersecurity heavily benefits from the real-time capabilities of Big Data tools. Whether looking at patterns to identify new vulnerabilities, scanning code and running applications, or helping to identify and report breaches, Big Data tools are helping to improve cybersecurity at its core. Below are a few examples of how Big Data tools are used within the space.

Threat Intelligence: Big Data tools can process vast amounts of cybersecurity logs to identify patterns that may indicate a security threat. This can help to identify known vulnerabilities, as well as help specialists to detect new ones.

Incident Response: Real-time data analytics tools can speed up the incident response time by quickly identifying the point of failure or breach.

Media and Entertainment

Many media and entertainment platforms, like Netflix, heavily leverage Big Data tools for every aspect of their business. From recommending content packages to helping to determine what content to create, Big Data tools are crucial to profitability and customer satisfaction.

Content Recommendation: Machine learning algorithms analyze user behavior and preferences to recommend tailored content, increasing user engagement.

Audience Analytics: Tools like Datawrapper can visualize viewer data, helping media companies better understand their audience and refine their content strategies.

Looking at the many Big Data tool use cases, it’s easy to see how they benefit operational efficiency, strategic planning, and even new business model innovations across various sectors. Their ability to process, analyze, and derive insights from data makes them indispensable in an increasingly data-driven world.

What Are the Types of Big Data Tools?

While we've touched on the various functions that Big Data tools can perform, it's essential to categorize them based on their distinct roles within the larger Big Data ecosystem. By classifying each tool, organizations can better understand which tools might be relevant to their specific needs. This is especially relevant when they require multiple tools for their Big Data pipeline stages. Below are some categories and sub-categories into which different Big Data tools can fit. Although not an exhaustive list, knowing these different types can help ensure you have all your bases covered when building your Big Data stack.

Infrastructure Tools

Infrastructure tools serve as the backbone of any Big Data operation. They manage the fundamental operations that enable other tools to function. Below are a few examples of infrastructure tools generally used in Big Data operations.

Cluster Managers: These tools, such as Apache Mesos or Kubernetes, manage computer clusters on which Big Data tools run.

Cloud Managers: Cloud management platforms, like OpenStack, manage and optimize cloud resources essential for Big Data operations that often require vast amounts of scalable storage and computing power.

Data Preparation Tools

Data preparation tools are distinct from ETL tools, focusing more on the quality and readiness of data. By ensuring data is of high quality, many processes later on become more manageable and much more reliable for insights. Below are some examples of data preparation tools that might be used within a Big Data pipeline.

Data Profiling Tools: These tools, like Trifacta, assess the condition of the data and provide statistics or summaries that help analysts understand the nature of their data sets.

Data Cleaning Tools: OpenRefine and similar tools focus explicitly on correcting or removing errors and inconsistencies in data to improve its quality.

Workflow Automation Tools

Big Data projects often involve many repetitive tasks and processes. Workflow automation tools streamline these operations. Two main workflow automation tools used within Big Data operations are job schedulers and automation platforms. Without these tools, it would be tough to scale operations manually. Below are a few examples of these.

Job Schedulers: Tools like Apache Oozie or Airflow manage when and how different tasks are run, especially in complex data pipelines.

Automation Platforms: Platforms like Ansible or Jenkins can automate the deployment and scaling of Big Data tools, allowing for quicker iterations and better resource utilization.

Advanced Analytics Platforms

These platforms are a step above standard data analytics tools, providing more sophisticated features. Although they are not always needed, the insights they can derive can usually not be achieved by any other means. Below are a few examples of this type of tool.

Statistical Computing Environments: SAS and similar platforms provide a more extensive range of statistical techniques and are often used in specialized fields like market research or bioinformatics.

Graph Processing Platforms: Tools like Neo4j analyze the relationship between different data points, often used in social network analysis or routing problems.

Search and Query Tools

These tools enable you to sift through enormous amounts of data to find the information you're looking for. Since Big Data stores can be massive, it only makes sense that specialized tools have been created to parse through such massive amounts of data. Below are a couple of examples of these technologies.

Search Engines: Elasticsearch and Solr are used for text-based searches and can handle enormous data sets.

SQL Query Engines: Tools like Presto and Apache Drill allow for SQL queries over data stored in various formats and databases, enabling easier access and analysis.

Data Governance and Metadata Management

With such large amounts of data, ensuring that the data is adhering to regulations and governance is a big task, as well as storing metadata that can help with various tasks. Below are a couple of examples of tools that fill in these gaps.

Metadata Repositories: These repositories, like Apache Atlas, help store metadata, which is data about the data, assisting in its cataloging and searchability.

Data Lineage Tools: These tools trace data's journey from its source to its final resting place, which is helpful for auditing and compliance.

By understanding the nuanced differences between these Big Data tools, organizations can make more informed decisions that align closely with their project requirements, operational workflows, and long-term strategic goals. Most Big Data operations require several of these tools and even some beyond the scope of what we discussed here. Being familiar with what tools exist is a significant first step in designing the architecture for your Big Data stack.

10 Best Big Data Tools for 2023

After looking at the abundance of tools, including the available types, it’s easy to see why Big Data tools can be overwhelming. With so many options catering to various needs—data collection, storage, analysis, or visualization—it's crucial to pick the right tools that align with your specific requirements. To make your decision-making process more manageable and to understand what's available, we've curated a list of the top 10 Big Data tools for 2023. In this section, we'll provide a brief overview of each tool, its advantages and disadvantages, and potential use cases. Let’s take a look at some of these tools.


Arcion is a leading CDC (Change Data Capture) tool optimized for Big Data pipelines. It excels in data migration, replication, and automated schema evolution. Arcion can also help with some transformation functionality. Its compatibility with various data sources and agentless installation makes it a versatile tool in Big Data.


Sub-second latency

Thanks to its distributed & highly scalable architecture, Arcion is the only CDC solution with an underlying end-to-end multi-threaded architecture supporting vertical and horizontal auto-scaling. Its patent-pending technology parallelizes every single Arcion CDC process for maximum throughput. So, users get ultra-low latency and maximum throughput even as data volume grows.

Automated Schema Management

Arcion allows smooth schema management of your data, ensuring data integrity, reliability, and consistency. As the schema evolves on the MySQL instance, these changes will automatically be applied to the BigQuery instance to keep both in sync.

100% Agentless CDC

Arcion is the only CDC vendor that offers 100% agentless CDC to all its supported 20+ connectors. Arcion’s agentless CDC connectors apply to all the complex enterprise databases modern enterprises use, like Microsoft SQL Server, MongoDB, and all versions of Oracle. Arcion reads directly from the transaction logs, never from the database itself. Previously, data teams faced administrative nightmares and security risks associated with running agent-based software in production environments. You can now replicate data in real-time, at scale, with guaranteed delivery — but without the inherent performance issues or the security concerns of agent-based connectors.

Transactional Integrity and Consistency

Arcion provides transactional integrity and data consistency through its CDC technology. To further this effort, Arcion also has built-in data validation support that works automatically and efficiently to maintain data integrity. It offers a solution for scalable data migration and replication while ensuring zero data loss has occurred.

No-code, Easy Setup

Effortless setup & maintenance: Arcion's no-code platform removes DevOps dependencies; you do not need to incorporate Kafka, Spark Streaming, Kinesis, or other streaming tools. So you can simplify the data architecture, saving both time and cost.

Stay Compliant by Default

Arcion is SOC 2 Type 1 & Type 2, HIPAA, and PCI compliant. The enterprise-grade security and compliance standards ensure data governance.


- Connector Availability: Not all of Arcion’s on-prem connectors are available on Arcion Cloud

- Learning Curve: The UI is designed to be user-friendly, but understanding its deeper, more advanced functionalities will take some time. However, our dedicated Solution Architect Team is here to help each of our customers to ensure they have a smooth replication.

Use Cases:

- Data consolidation from multiple sources into cloud data warehouses

- Real-time analytics pipelines for decision-making

- Change Data Capture for enterprise systems

- Zero downtime data migration


Fivetran is an automated data integration tool. It provides pre-built connectors to gather data from various sources and consolidate it in a central repository.


- Zero maintenance

- Supports over 150 connectors

- Automatic schema adjustments

- Fast set-up


- Limited Customization: Pre-built connectors make the process easy but restrict customization.

- Limited Database Connection Support

- Cost: The pricing model can become expensive when scaling.

Use Cases:

- Building data lakes

- ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) processes

- Real-time data analytics

Dextrus (DataFactory)

Dextrus, now known as DataFactory, specializes in data extraction and loading. It's designed for big data applications and offers excellent parallel processing capabilities.


- Perform all ETL, ELT, and lake house operations visually

- Scalable

- High throughput

- Advanced data transformations, including the use of ML


- Resource Intensive: This tool may require substantial computational resources for high-performance tasks.

- Complex Setup: It may require specialized skills to set up and maintain.

Use Cases:

- Web scraping for market research

- Processing streaming data

- Aggregating data from IoT devices


Dataddo is a cloud-based, no-code data integration platform. It offers a variety of data connectors and APIs for collecting data from multiple digital platforms.


- User-friendly interface

- Rich set of APIs

- Data encryption and security, SOC II compliant

- Fully-managed, multi-cloud support


- Limited Native Connectors: The platform doesn’t offer native support for every potential data source they have available.

- Performance: May struggle with handling extensive datasets or high-throughput real-time data.

Use Cases:

- Data integration for digital marketing

- Customer behavior analytics

- Social media monitoring

Apache Hadoop

Apache Hadoop is an open-source Big Data framework that allows for the distributed processing of large data sets. Hadoop is a staple in the Big Data community, used by some of the world's largest organizations.


- High fault tolerance

- Scalability

- Wide community support

- Cost-effectiveness


- Operational Complexity: Requires skilled personnel for setup, maintenance, and troubleshooting.

- Hardware Costs: Despite being open-source, the hardware required for setting up Hadoop clusters can be expensive.

Use Cases:

- Large-scale data processing

- Text analytics

- Data warehousing


Adverity is a data integration and visualization platform. While it's focused on marketing data, it has capabilities suitable for big data applications.


- Seamless data integration with many different marketing tools

- Robust data analytics features

- Data quality assurance

- Pre-built dashboards


- Specialized Focus: Primarily designed for marketing data, it may not be versatile enough for other data types even if connectors are available.

- Cost: Depending on your required features, it could be expensive.

Use Cases:

- Marketing ROI analysis

- Customer segmentation

- Competitive analysis


Apache Cassandra is a highly scalable and high-performance NoSQL database that is well-suited for handling large amounts of data across many commodity servers.


- High availability

- Peer-to-peer architecture

- Elastic scalability

- Strong community support


- Consistency Trade-off: Sacrifices strong consistency for availability and partition tolerance.

- Expertise Required: Non-trivial to set up, maintain, and scale.

Use Cases:

- Real-time data analytics

- Data warehousing

- Large-scale data storage

AWS Glue

AWS Glue is a fully managed ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) service provided by Amazon. It helps in data preparation for analytics. Within the AWS ecosystem, it is one of the most popular native options for creating ETL pipelines.


- Serverless architecture

- Ease of use

- Integrates with other AWS services

- Data cataloging


- Cost: Pricing can be complex and may escalate with increased data processing.

- AWS-Centric: Limited usefulness if you're not already committed to the AWS ecosystem.

Use Cases:

- Data lake formation

- Data transformations

- Data analytics preparation


Datawrapper is primarily a data visualization tool but offers capabilities for handling large datasets effectively. Easily create charts, maps, and tables leveraging data from your largest datasets.


- Easy to use

- Supports multiple data formats

- Customizable charts

- Embeddable outputs


- Limited Analysis Capabilities: Excellent for visualization but not designed for deep data analysis.

- Data Size Limits: Some limitations on the size of datasets it can handle efficiently.

Use Cases:

- Business reporting

- Data journalism

- Market trend visualization


MongoDB is a NoSQL database designed for ease of development and scalability, particularly effective for handling large volumes of unstructured data. Mongo is one of the most widely known and used NoSQL solutions, available on-premise and in the cloud (including as part of managed database services across all major cloud providers).


- Horizontal scalability

- Flexible schema

- Rich query capabilities

- Strong community support


- Weak ACID Compliance: Not ideal for applications that require complex transactions with full ACID compliance.

- Memory Consumption: This tool can be resource-intensive, requiring substantial system memory.

Use Cases:

- Content management systems

- IoT applications

- Real-time data analytics

How to Select the Best Big Data Tool?

As you can tell, selecting the right Big Data tools is a critical decision that can significantly impact your data operations' performance, efficiency, and success. A poorly chosen tool can lead to complications, resource wastage, and limited scalability. Here are some key factors to consider when deciding what tools to add to your Big Data stack.

Identify Your Needs

Before selecting a tool, you must define what you need it for. Based on functionality, determine if you want to use the tool for:

- Data Collection: If you're primarily looking to collect data from various sources, you might want a tool with powerful data ingestion capabilities and broad connector support.

- Data Analysis: If you aim to derive insights through complex data analytics, you need a tool with robust analytical functionalities.

- Data Visualization: If the presentation of data is your focus, look for tools that offer advanced visualization options.


The tool you choose must be able to grow with your needs. As your data volume expands, the tool should be able to handle the increased load without performance issues. Determine your scale over time and ensure that the tool's capabilities match it.

Ease of Use

Ease of use is crucial for faster adaptation and learning. A user-friendly interface, good documentation, and community support can be significant advantages. If a tool is hard to use, it may be harder to garner adoption within your organization. At a minimum, ensure the tool makes it easy to use core functionality even if advanced functionalities are a bit tougher to learn.


The tool should be compatible with other systems and tools used in your organization. This includes database systems, analytical tools, and existing software. Making sure that connectors are fully functional for your needs (since some connectors may only have limited usability, depending on the product) and stable is crucial.

Cost Factor

Though some Big Data tools are open source and free, others come with licensing fees. Make sure you consider the cost of the tool and whether it aligns with your budget. Being able to predict the total cost of ownership of a tool is critical in making sure that it fits into your plans. Be sure to dig deeper than just the pricing page, considering support and infrastructure costs, especially if the product will be deployed on-premise.

Security and Compliance

The tool must have adequate security measures in place to protect sensitive data. Additionally, ensure it complies with regulations relevant to your industry, such as GDPR for data protection or HIPAA for healthcare data. Ensure that any compliance certifications are up-to-date and documented by a third-party provider. SOC II compliance and other various standards should be on your list of potential features of the platforms you choose.

Vendor Support and Community

Good vendor support can be invaluable, especially when encountering problems you can't solve alone. A strong community around the tool can also be a good indicator of its reliability and longevity. You’ll want to make sure that if you get stuck, a support team and community will be in place to help you. One caution is to be careful of community-created connectors as they may not be thoroughly tested.

Performance Metrics

Pay attention to performance benchmarks like data processing speed, latency, and resource utilization to ensure the tool meets your performance requirements. When looking at the performance metrics posted on public sites, ensure all of the details are present and, preferably, replicate the tests on your side to ensure they are accurate. Ensure that performance stays linear at scale while keeping cost under control.

Test and Evaluate

Most tools offer demo versions or free trials. Utilize these to test if the tool fits your needs and performs as expected in your environment. There’s no better way to accurately judge the viability of a tool for your use case than to test it yourself.

Summary Checklist

In summary, here is a checklist to help you in selecting a Big Data tool to add to your Big Data stack:

- Identify Specific Needs: Collection, Analysis, Visualization

- Scalability: Must be able to handle increasing data volumes

- Ease of Use: Intuitive UI, good documentation, community support

- Compatibility: Should work well with existing systems

- Cost Factor: Budget considerations and ROI

- Security and Compliance: Data protection and legal regulations

- Vendor Support: Availability of official support

- Community: A strong user and developer community

- Performance Metrics: Speed, latency, resource utilization

- Test and Evaluate: Always try before you buy

Selecting the right Big Data tool involves more than just comparing features. It requires a deep understanding of your long-term goals, existing infrastructure, and the specific challenges you aim to solve with Big Data. Consider these factors to make an informed decision that sets the foundation for successful data operations. Likely you’ll be using more than one tool at a time, so assess each tool with great diligence as you add more to your stack.


The world of Big Data is a complex space that is continuously evolving. As we generate more data than ever, the tools designed to handle, analyze, and interpret this data become increasingly critical. Regardless of industry, choosing the right Big Data tool cannot be overstated. The right tool can accelerate data operations, drive innovation, and create a competitive advantage. Conversely, the wrong tool can lead to frustration and failure.

In this comprehensive guide, we've explored the definition of Big Data, the range of tools available, their functionalities, key use cases, and tips for selecting the best fit for your needs. With an array of options at your disposal, we’ve looked in detail at why it is crucial to choose wisely. When deciding on implementing a tool, you should consider scalability, cost, performance, and compatibility to make an informed decision that aligns with your strategic goals.

Try Arcion: The Comprehensive CDC Solution for Your Big Data Stack

As Big Data's significance grows, the power of Change Data Capture (CDC) tools like Arcion becomes even more evident. If you're looking for a robust, scalable, and user-friendly solution, explore what Arcion’s CDC capabilities can offer.

A solution like Arcion leverages real-time, in-memory Change Data Capture (CDC) that guarantees scalability and ensures data consistency is preferred when dealing with Big Data scale. CDC pipelines built with Arcion are easy to build, maintain, and scale and are production-ready in minutes. Get started today by connecting with our team of Big Data pipeline experts.

Matt is a developer at heart with a passion for data, software architecture, and writing technical content. In the past, Matt worked at some of the largest finance and insurance companies in Canada before pivoting to working for fast-growing startups.
Luke has two decades of experience working with database technologies and has worked for companies like Oracle, AWS, and MariaDB. He is experienced in C++, Python, and JavaScript. He now works at Arcion as an Enterprise Solutions Architect to help companies simplify their data replication process.
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